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What is staff in music

What is staff in music

Traditionally, music is written using a system of five lines called a staff. You can see it in the picture below.

At the beginning of the staff there is usually a musical clef, which plays a key role in determining the pitch of the notes written on and between the musical lines. There are two main types of clefs:

  • Treble;
  • Bass.

In this case, the treble clef is shown, which determines the positions of notes on the staff. This clef establishes a correspondence between the lines and spaces on the staff and the musical notes.
The bass clef, on the other hand, has its own unique symbolism and rules for the placement of notes on the staff.
The bass clef is used to write down musical notes in instruments with a low register, while the treble clef is used to write down parts in instruments with a high register. In the previous lesson about notes, we mentioned middle C (or C), which is in the middle of the piano’s range.
Now, the treble clef is used for instruments whose range is above this middle C, while the bass clef is used for instruments whose range is below middle C.
Both clefs are used within the piano’s system, which is two staves connected by a curly bracket called an accolade.

Typically, the piano uses both notation systems because of its wide range of sounds. Using only one clef for the piano limits the notation options.
Generally, an accolade is used to combine the two clefs, which is known as the piano system.
However, when writing notes for instruments of a particular register, only the treble clef is used for the high registers and only the bass clef is used for the low registers.

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